In Light of this being National Glaucoma Awareness month, it is important enlighten you more about this condition.
Glaucoma has been described as the “sneak thief of sight” because it is a silent blinding eye condition that can result in profound vision loss and eventually blindness if left untreated.
Below is a brief description of types of glaucoma.
Open-Angle Glaucoma: Results when the liquid fluid called the aqueous does not drain out of the opened space in the eye called the angle. This glaucoma develops slowly and is a lifelong condition. This is the most common form of glaucoma and is not usually associated with symptoms. When diagnosed early enough, it can be treated to prevent blindness.
Angle- Closure Glaucoma: Results when the liquid fluid does not drain out of the eye due to the angle being blocked. This results in a sudden rise in the eye pressure and requires immediate attention. This condition can develop quickly and the symptoms can be pain and sudden vision loss. Once diagnosed, it can be treated, but any damage done cannot be reversed.
Normal-Tension Glaucoma: This type of glaucoma results when the pressure in the eye is normal, but the optic nerve is damaged. It is not understood how this occurs, but it is the type of glaucoma that is even more critical to diagnose and treat because there are no symptoms and the pressures are normal. Preventing damage to the nerve is the goal in treating this type of glaucoma.
Congenital Glaucoma: This form of glaucoma occurs in babies where there is incomplete development of the eyes’ drainage system before birth. Although not a common condition, enlarged eyes, clouded cornea and sensitivity to light are signs the pediatrician will look and monitor for during the early stage of life. The treatment of congenital glaucoma can range from eye drops to surgery and requires careful treatment and management.
Other Types of Glaucoma can results from medical conditions such as diabetes and immune diseases that require steroids for treatment.
The key to either form of the glaucoma is early detection. That is why it is so critical to make sure you are having your eyes checked on a regular (annual) basis and more often if you have medical conditions or take steroids.
If you are in need of an eye care provider, I invite and welcome you to EnVision Eye Care. As an Optometrist, I diagnose and treat many types of glaucoma.
321 W. Montgomery
(near Hunter Golf Course)
For appointments, call
(912) 927-0707 and visit us at www.envisionsavannah.com